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Understand the differences, advantages, and disadvantages between NextJs and GatsbyJs and HugoJs. Decide which one suits best for your requirements.
We pose such queries to our web developers since they utilize the frameworks and libraries daily to build anything from basic to sophisticated features. But, we have posed this question lately because of certain recent events. Before we continue this comparison between Gatsby.JS, Next.JS and Hugo.JS, let’s find out when they entered the picture. There has never been a finer moment in history to create a website. If you want to utilize a simple drag and drop interface, there are services like wix.com and webflow that let you create one in a matter of minutes.
If you are creating a small complex website, one that manages user data and includes a few pieces of custom-built content, you must be acquainted with frameworks such as WordPress, Shopify, and Squarespace. With speed being an essential component to ranking, modern websites designed as Server Side Rendering with Static Site Generation have become popular. Technologies like Next.JS, Gatsby.JS, Jekyll, Hugo, among others, are utilized to power such webpages.
While Gatsby.JS, Next.JS, and Hugo.JS with rapid development tools are at the forefront of these technologies, developers have argued online over their favorite framework. The decision has been pretty clear — Gatsby.JS if you are creating a static website where the content doesn’t change too frequently, Next.JS if it is a complex site that communicates with a server a lot and has both static and dynamic data, and Hugo when you want to build a large website with shorter build times.
But there have been recent advancements that have tilted the scales in favor of one of these frameworks, leaving developers puzzled as to which one to pick. What are these advancements, and which framework should you pick to create your website? Read on to discover it.
What is Next.JS?
Next.JS is a framework used to create server-side rendered websites that produce HTML dynamically every time a new request comes to it, utilizing a server. Next.js is ideal for creating what are termed dynamic websites. I.e., web pages that are rendered server-side.
Next is used to create websites that interact a lot with the server, utilizing features like Hot Code Reloading, Single File components, Automatic Code Splitting, etc. to help you build attractive React websites.
Next.js shares advantages with other static site generators. Also, you already know one of its distinctive advantages-the ability to have static and dynamic pages concurrently.
What is GatsbyJS?
Gatsby.JS is usually used to create a website that produces static HTML in advance, which may later be placed on CDNs (Content Delivery Networks) around the world to enable faster access.
Gatsby.JS combines the finest parts of GraphQL, React, and react-router to produce a static site generator that is more developer-friendly.
From another viewpoint, Gatsby may also be viewed as a new front-end framework that enables very quick page-loads. It accomplishes this by utilizing technologies like data prefetching, asset optimization, server-side rendering, and code splitting, among others.
Gatsby is mainly used for creating websites where the number of pages is known, and the content largely stays unchanged.
What is Hugo.JS?
Hugo is an SSG and framework built in the Go Language. It utilizes Go templates for its layouts. A major feature that sets it apart from other SSGs is how quickly it generates pages. It provides excellent content management, is accessible on many OS systems, supports taxonomies, enables tables of contents creation, supports beautiful URLs, and can be hosted practically anywhere. In addition to these capabilities, it offers live reload during development, supports various content types choices, and includes word-count as well as minutes-to-read functions. These are only a sample of the numerous things Hugo has to offer.
You can deploy the Hugo website on any of the following hosting services:
Both Next.Js and Gatsby.Js are React Frameworks, while Hugo.Js is written in the Go programming language, and each of them has its own strengths and limitations.
Let’s have a look at some of the elements that are similar in these frameworks.
Similarities between Gatsby.Js, Next.Js and Hugo.Js
All three, Gatsby, Next, and Hugo, come with comprehensive documentation that assists in building functionality over an existing app. You don’t have to learn anything from scratch, and a basic knowledge of React is the only requirement that both the NextJs and GatsbyJs frameworks share.
Powerful websites: Gatsby, Next, and Hugo are used to create high-performance websites with extremely excellent Lighthouse scores, if well-built, of course. The websites are SEO friendly because they both provide pre-rendered HTML.
Cool Features: Hot Reloading is a feature that most developers appreciate, and all three Gatsby, Next, and Hugo come with Hot Reloading out-of-the-box. The other interesting inherent capabilities are Code Splitting, Prefetching, Routing, and Caching.
But the parallels stop here. These frameworks are used for fundamentally different purposes, and we will take a look at;
Since the number of pages is predictable and the content doesn’t vary, Gatsby and Hugo are ideal for creating these websites. Gatsby provides support for a number of CMS systems, REST APIs, databases, and GraphQL.
A major distinction between Gatsby and Next.JS is the way they manage data. Gatsby isolates the data and the website, meaning that members of your team other than engineers may also update data on the web page, which can subsequently be built into the site during runtime.
You don’t have to create a Hugo website from the start, as you can pick one of several themes and then work from there. Hugo utilizes an HTTP server (hosted on the machine) that requires a fraction of the memory and CPU to serve static web pages compared to providing dynamic sites.
Next.Js-Used to create big, multi-user websites.
If you are developing a website with many people establishing user accounts and then commenting on the information on the page, then Next.JS would be an excellent option for you.
These websites have many users coming in at any moment, making it difficult to create a static page during runtime. The construction time required by Gatsby makes it a poor option to create such websites.
With websites like these, you need to offer unique, dynamic information to logged-in users. Server-Side rendering will assist adapt to various users depending on authentication, and each user may view their material as soon as they produce it on the website.
So, on the surface, it seems like an easy option — Gatsby and Hugo for static web pages, which are easier to create, and Next for big, multi-user websites. But as we stated at the beginning of this post, one of these platforms has an advantage over the other one. Wondering which one?
Next.JS – Catching up on the Static Site generation train.
NextJS 11 was launched a month ago, and it is getting more powerful with Static Site Generation (SSG) capabilities, meaning additional data fetching techniques.
These build time methods are named getStaticPaths and getServerSideProps, and users may use them to create static websites, exactly as they would with Gatsby.
getStaticPaths — Used to create a list of ids that the static website supports.
getServerSideProps— Used to retrieve data created depending on the ids.
Using this information, Next.JS will create a page for each of these blog post ids, sending the data obtained from the external services down to the component.
Static site generators help make static sites easy to build, manage, and grow. In this post, you’ve seen three of the best static site generators. You should be able to make a better decision on which technology to use for your next static site project.
Got any questions? What other static site generators do you think can match these three? You may share your thoughts in the comments section.