A software developer with a keen interest in writing about technology, finance, and entrepreneurship. I've written for businesses in a variety of fields, including new technology, healthcare, programming, consumer applications, corporate computing, UI/UX, outsourcing, and education.
You may have heard the phrases “back end” vs “front end” being floated around regarding programming before. If you are new to programming or looking for a programmer, you might be thinking about what these “front end back end” actually mean.
It’s actually not only web apps – when designing any kind of software, you’re also going to be dealing with a back end part of that app and a front end part.
But what are those parts about? And why do we need them?
Front End Development
Frontend developers are responsible for efficiently developing graphic components on a website. They also do essential website development duties, including navigation, buttons, or anything that increases the website’s overall exposure.
Frontend Frameworks and Libraries
Some of the frameworks used for front-end development include Angular.js, React.js, jQuery, SASS, and Vue.js.
There are many career positions for front end developers. It’s crucial to remember that while one title may need specific activities at one firm, it may mean something completely different at another. Therefore it is always better to have a clear understanding of what that exact job description includes. Search for the following job titles throughout your job hunt:
- Front End Developer
- Web Designer is another prevalent title
UI/UX designers are front end developers who focus on User Interface and User Experience correspondingly. UI designers focus on the visual parts of the site’s design while UX designers do numerous user testing to guarantee the site is working well with chosen users.
According to PayScale, the national average starting salary for front end developers is roughly $65k. The income fluctuates from roughly $40k-$110k, dependent on experience, region, and sector. In NYC, beginning compensation is approximately $80k with an approximate range of $115k.
Back End Development
Back end Development refers to the server-side of development where you are primarily focused on how the site functions. Making updates and modifications in addition to monitoring the functionality of the site will be your primary task. This web development usually comprises three parts: a server, an application, and a database. Code generated by back end developers is what conveys the database information to the browser. Anything you can’t see simply with the eye, such as databases and servers, is the work of a back end developer. Back end developer professions are sometimes termed, programmers or web developers.
Backend Programming Languages
Many back end developers know front end languages such as HTML and CSS but need to utilize languages such as Java, PHP, Ruby on Rails, Python, and .Net to get the back end work done. Back end developers are mainly concerned with a site’s functionality and speed. These languages are used to develop dynamic sites which are different from static sites in that these sorts of websites hold database information. Content on the site is continually changing and updating. Examples of dynamic websites include Facebook, Twitter, and Google Maps.
Backend Programming Jobs
Backend jobs include:
- Languages like Node.js Ruby, PHP, .Net, C# or Java
- Ruby, Laravel, Django or Express frameworks
- SQL, MySLQ and Oracle database systems
- Version control, such as Git, CVS or SVN
- SOAP and REST web services
According to PayScale, the national average starting compensation for back end developers is roughly $70k. The income fluctuates from roughly $40k-$120k based on experience, location, and sector. According to SimplyHired, in NYC, beginning compensation is roughly $85k with an approximate range to $120k.
What is a Full-Stack Developer?
The Full-Stack developers are the “Jack of All Trades” as he combines both front-end and back-end abilities. These folks have all layers of competence in web application development, including the client and hosting, server, data modelling or structuring, experience design and interface, and client-facing. The premise of a full-stack developer is that they can develop cross-functionally for both back-end and front-end development.
What Does a Full Stack Developer Do?
From a developer’s viewpoint, it is unnecessary to settle down as a front-end or back-end developer, as you have the choice and ability to do both. However, this means that you are not learning one skill set at once, but you can figure it out. The Full-Stack developers may design sites from scratch and code web apps to satisfy the server-side and the client-side. They are also responsible for building up services and components, employing APIs that wrap business logic, resolving business issues, and accessing website infrastructure, including file servers, databases, and cloud services.
To add clarity as to the Full Stack development, this does not immediately indicate that they will be the ones to do site coding all by themselves. Most of these men are either in the back end or front end coding of the site. This relies on the business’ demands and wants for their websites. But it will all come down that they will be able to support any place they are required.
By now, the difference between the frontend and backend should be more clear, as well as the different activities carried by developers that operate on both ends of the wire. In practical terms, the frontend denotes the browser and the backend, the server, or, more lately, the cloud.
If you prefer user interfaces, are interested in sound design, and like the aesthetic parts of designing programs, then perhaps the frontend is where you want to spend your time as a software developer. The frontend is fascinating visually, and from a programming aspect, you will spend endless hours implementing logic that will make your site look and function the way the designers intended.
If you like to invest your time-solving business problems, writing algorithms, operating in the cloud, and creating services and APIs, then the backend is for you.
If you enjoy both and feel equally excited and comfortable with all areas of web application design, then a job as a full-stack developer is what you want.